It is no secret that both the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) participated in the just-concluded 2013 national and local elections. The former is by virtue of its strategic view of the “parliamentary struggle” as a secondary form of struggle to its armed struggle. The latter is by reason of the imminent permanent peace agreement creating the Bangsamoro.
The CPP ordered its New People’s Army (NPA) units to directly conduct negotiations with local candidates for “permit to campaign.” This permit usually entails paying big amounts of money and/or guns in exchange for freedom from harassment or attack from the NPA. The CPP itself conducts these negotiations on the national level.
It also fielded its own candidates under guise for key local posts and wherever they are confident of their mass base. In some cases, the CPP-NPA negotiated with certain warlords for tactical alliance against their opponents and provided armed services.
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