All about the Philippine flag

Things you might not know about our flag

We see it almost every day—at school, on our way to work, in government buildings. But do we actually still care about what our flag really means?

Because if the Philippine flag fails to stir your patriotic strings, then maybe its time you revisit your history.

The Pinoy flag

The current Philippine flag, which will mark its 113th year on June 12—coinciding with the country’s Independence Day—stands proud to symbolize people’s freedom.

As mandated under Republic Act 8491, the Philippine flag is “comprised of blue, white and red with an eight-rayed golden-yellow sun and three five-pointed stars.”

This design, personally conceived by Emilio Aguinaldo, the first Philippine President, was sewn in Hong Kong by Marcela Marino Agoncillo, with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Jose Rizal’s niece, Delfina Natividad.

The flag served as a symbol of hope and has since helped great men in history endure trials brought about by other nations who tried but later failed to permanently take over the Philippines.

Proper reverence for the Philippine flag

According to the National Historical Commission, the flag must be revered at all times and must be “displayed in all public office, buildings, official residences, public squares and institutions of learning everyday of the year” but must be displayed in the open only from sunrise to sunset, unless in places allowed by law and given that it is properly illuminated.

The Philippine flag must be displayed during the National Flag Days (May 28 to June 12).

The blue must also be on top in time of peace and the red field on top in time of war; but if in a hanging position, the blue part shall be on the left in the time of peace and red field to the left if otherwise.

When alongside other countries’ flags, the Philippine flag must be “hoisted first and lowered last” and shall be placed on the left of the other flags.

The flag must also not be trampled on, used as a drapery or tablecloth, or as pennant in the hood of a vehicle. It must not be displayed under any painting or photo or below any platform; or in disco pubs, casinos, cockpits or any other places of vice.

It must not be worn as a costume as well and must not be printed on hankerchiefs, napkins and other forms of merchandise.

Did you know?

The Independence Flagpole is located at Rizal Park in Manila and stands at 107 feet.

The National flag is permanently at half-mast day and night in all memorial cemeteries dedicated to war veterans such as the Tomb of the Unknown solider at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

The National flag must also be at half-mast during the death of the President or former presidents for ten days; Vice-President, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, for seven days;

Meanwhile, for Cabinet Secretaries, Associate Justices of  the Supreme Court, Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Director-General of the Philippine National Police, or equivalent in rank, the flag must be at half-mast for five days.

Source: National Historical Commission

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