The Inbox

Genetically modified crops threaten organic agriculture

Greenpeace presscon

By Jonathan de Santos,VERA Files

The country's organic farmers could lose access to international agricultural markets if their crops are continually exposed to genetically-modified crops which are a source of pollen contamination.

This is what happened to corn farmers in Alfonso Lista town in Ifugao province when a contract for them to supply organic corn to Japan was canceled, said Daniel Ocampo, sustainable agriculture campaigner for Greenpeace Southeast Asia.  Buyers from Japan stopped importing the Ifugao corn when they found that crops had been contaminated by genetically-modified corn being grown in the same town.

Ocampo, speaking Wednesday at a Greenpeace press conference on the risks of allowing field testing of genetically-modified organism (GMO) crops, said the organic agricultural trade has "no tolerance for contamination."

Agriculture Secretary Proceso Alcala told reporters at the Ninth National Organic Agriculture Congress in Cebu City earlier this month that organic agriculture will allow Filipino farmers to compete with cheaper produce from the rest of the region. The Department of Agriculture has already set aside P950 million in the proposed 2013 national budget to promote organic farming.

Ocampo said, however, that "there is more to being organic than not using chemicals."

Germany-based International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), which has been promoting an international standard for organic agriculture and which helped organize First International Organic Marketing Conference in Manila in October, considers GMOs an "inappropriate technology."

The IFOAM Norms for Organic Production and Processing, which was released in August, prohibits "the deliberate use or negligent introduction of genetically engineered organisms or their derivatives" into an organic farm and requires farmers to protect their crops from contamination.

Tushar Chakraboty, principal scientist with the Gene Regulation Laboratory of the India Institute of Chemical Biology, said at the same press conference that that will be difficult with open field testing of GMO crops.

Citing a study that prompted the Supreme Court of India to order a 10-year moratorium on GMOs because they posed risks to health and the environment, Chakraboty said pollen from GMO crops could contaminate regular crops. A Greenpeace briefing paper on genetically-modified eggplant said field testing will "undoubtedly lead to contamination."

Greenpeace presscon2Farmers of traditional crops also face the risk of contamination, Ocampo said. Tests done on white corn, a traditional staple, in Sultan Kudarat province found evidence of contamination by genetically-modified corn that contain the Bacillus thuringenesis (Bt) bacterium. The corn from Sultan Kudarat goes to bigger markets like Cebu, he said, and consumers may be unaware they may be eating genetically-modified corn.

Chakraboty warned that once regular crops are contaminated, "how can you roll back the gene flow?"

The problems that contamination bring go beyond breaking into organic agriculture markets. Chakraboty said there have been no rigorous, long-term studies on whether the protein produced by genes from the Bacillus thuringenesis (Bt) bacterium and used as a pesticide, is safe for human consumption.

"No short- or long-term study has shown that they are safe for humans, livestock, or biodiversity. And all scientific studies about the benefits of GM crops are conducted by the same companies that sell it," he also said.

The University of Mindanao in North Cotabato, which has been field testing Bt eggplant, has said, however, that Greenpeace's fears have no basis either. In a press statement in May, the university said "there has been no incontrovertible proof that genetically modified crops caused any disease or ruined any traditional crops. Neither has there been any perilous consequence to man, nature, environment and land."

The Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture in Los Baños, Laguna, has also said in an online primer on Bt eggplant that the Department of Agriculture monitors the field trials.

A briefing paper, also published by SEARCA, quotes Dr. Serge Francisco, project leader for Impact and Policy Research at the Philippine Rice Research Institute, as saying Bt eggplant offers "a 'win-win situation' for the environment and farmers as it has 'few (if any) unintended environmental effects,' better marketable yield and a lower production cost."

Despite that, Greenpeace has demanded that the government stop the field testing of GMOs and to cancel approval for 67 GMOs already being brought to the Philippines. "Instead, they should (be) supporting ecological solutions that ensure food security and sound environment as alternatives that will guarantee a healthy, viable and sustainable agriculture to feed the country," Greenpeace said in a statement.

The group said that aside from the threatening health and the environment, GMOs also lead to the increased use of pesticides and herbicides. Genetically-modified crops also threaten farmers by "locking them into an industrial agriculture system that enables the monopoly of a few giant agro-chemical companies who have control of the seeds," the group said.

Greenpeace filed petitions for a Writ of Kalikasan and a Writ of Continuing Mandamus before the Supreme Court in April to stop field trials of Bt eggplant. The Court issued a Writ of Kalikasan in May  while hearings on the petition for the Writ of Continuing Mandamus are ongoing.

(VERA Files is put out by senior journalists taking a deeper look at current issues. VERA is Latin for true.)


Editor’s note:Yahoo Philippines encourages responsible comments that add dimension to the discussion. No bashing or hate speech, please. You can express your opinion without slamming others or making derogatory remarks.

  • Muslim group calls for universal peace
    Muslim group calls for universal peace

    As predominantly Catholic Philippines and the rest of the Christian world observe the Holy Week, peace advocates like the Young Muslim Professionals Network (YMPN) are appealing to Filipinos of various creeds and persuasion to embrace the universal message of kindness, love and peace. The group issued the call as peace negotiations between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front teeter due to the Mamasapano incident where members of the rebel group killed 44 police commandos on a …

  • Ex-WB exec pushes BBL passage
    Ex-WB exec pushes BBL passage

    A former World Bank official has warned of dire consequences for the Philippines if the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) is not passed into law. Nigel Roberts, former director on conflict, security and development, said that more conflict could occur without the BBL. “It takes about 15 years to get back to pre-conflict GDP growth rates, and 20 years for trade to recover,” Roberts said in his blog at the World Bank website. The World Bank estimated that economic losses amounted to $10 …

  • Despite typhoon, summer is here
    Despite typhoon, summer is here

    Super Typhoon Chedeng roared toward Luzon as the weather bureau announced the official start of summer in the country yesterday. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) announced yesterday the official start of the dry or summer season in the country due to the termination of the cold northeast monsoon. “The general public is advised to take precautionary measures to minimize heat stress and take note of the need in optimizing the daily use of …

  • Noy told: Just answer the questions
    Noy told: Just answer the questions

    Just answer the 20 questions. The Makabayan bloc of seven party-list representatives made this appeal to President Aquino yesterday after his spokesman claimed the Chief Executive has already answered most of the questions posed by the militant lawmakers regarding the Mamasapano incident. For instance, he said the President has not yet explained why he allowed then suspended Philippine National Police chief Director General Alan Purisima to take the lead in Oplan Exodus or the mission to …

  • DFA: Malaysia paying rent for Sabah
    DFA: Malaysia paying rent for Sabah

    Malaysia does not acknowledge the Philippine claim over Sabah but the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) maintained yesterday that the Malaysian government is paying rent for Sabah, indicating it rightfully belongs to the Philippines. The Malay Mail Online reported that Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman said Malaysia has not and does not acknowledge the Philippine claim over Sabah when asked by media about the reported offer of the Philippine government to downgrade its Sabah …

  • 63 OFWs returning from Yemen
    63 OFWs returning from Yemen

    Sixty-three overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) are set to return home from war-torn Yemen, Labor Secretary Rosalinda Baldoz said yesterday. Baldoz said the licensed recruiters of the OFWs have assured the government of their immediate repatriation. Administrator Hans Cacdac of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration has ordered the recruitment agencies to fulfill their obligation to bring home the OFWs. Baldoz called on Filipinos still in Yemen to avail themselves of the government’s …

  • Jinggoy gets furlough for shoulder checkup
    Jinggoy gets furlough for shoulder checkup

    Despite opposition from ombudsman lawyers, the Sandiganbayan yesterday granted detained Sen. Jinggoy Estrada’s request to undergo a medical checkup at the Cardinal Santos Memorial Hospital. Estrada was allowed to undergo a medical examination for pain in his left shoulder from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m. The senator was ordered to shoulder the expenses incurred by the Philippine National Police in  escorting him. In a pleading filed Monday with the anti-graft court’s Fifth Division, Estrada’s lawyers …

  • Tekken’s Josie Rizal gets flak
    Tekken’s Josie Rizal gets flak

    A professor of the University of the Philippines yesterday hit the portrayal of a Filipino character, whose name was based on Jose Rizal, in a Japanese-produced video game. “(It’s) offensive and unsuited for a big company like Bandai because they have the money to do research,” Gonzalo Campoamor II, professor of Life and Works of Rizal in UP Diliman, told The STAR. Japanese giant Namco Bandai recently introduced Josie Rizal, the first Filipino character in the popular fighting game franchise …


Should Aquino be held accountable over the Mamasapano operations?

Poll Choice Options