Boeing Co. will ship all four 787 composite-plastic Dreamliners assembled this year in its new South Carolina plant to Air India Ltd., the carrier that demanded $1 billion in compensation after production delays.
The first of the jets rolled out yesterday from a 1.24 million-square-foot (115,000-square meter) hangar near Charleston, South Carolina. It will start flying in three to four weeks, and Air India will take delivery at midyear, said Jack Jones, Boeing South Carolina vice president.
"I know we're a little late delivering this airplane, but when they get it, they're going to say it was worth it," Jim Albaugh, head of Boeing's commercial airplane division, told employees and South Carolina politicians including Governor Nikki Haley and U.S. Senator Lindsey Graham.
After ending more than three years of delays in delivering the Dreamliner in September, Boeing is seeking to accelerate production of the twin-aisle jets to 10 a month by the end of 2013. Japan Airlines Co. and All Nippon Airways Co. have received 11 787s, said Marc Birtel, a spokesman. The planes list for $193.5 million.
The South Carolina facility, which cost $750 million and opened last year, will build 3.5 planes a month by the end of 2013 or early 2014, Jones told reporters.
The plant is Boeing's first new commercial-jet factory outside Wash¬ington's Puget Sound region, where the company was founded. Boeing's decision to build in the state, which forbids requiring union membership as a condition of employment, prompted an accusation from the Machinists union of illegal retaliation for strikes.
The National Labor Relations Board subsequently filed a complaint against Boeing, then withdrew it after Boeing and the union reached a new contract promising that the upgraded narrow- body 737, the MAX, would be built in the Seattle area.
Albaugh declined to comment about any compensation for Air India. Last month, he disputed the Indian government's statement that the planemaker agreed to pay $500 million in compensation because of delays to the jet, originally scheduled for first delivery in May 2008.
Air India demanded $1 billion in February, after saying in August 2010 that it would seek $840 million. Airlines sign up for delivery slots when they place orders, and Boeing faces penalties for late planes such as the 787.
K. Swaminathan, a spokesman for Air India in Mumbai, declined to comment today before a formal announcement regarding taking delivery of the new planes.
Assembly of the first 787-9 variant is scheduled to begin in South Carolina in the fourth quarter with work on the aft and mid-body, Patrick Shanahan, a senior vice president and general manager for airplane programs, said in an interview. The 787-9 is a longer version of the current 787-8 and can seat 40 more people at maximum capacity, according to Boeing's website.
The 787-8 can carry 210 to 250 passengers, depending on the cabin configuration, and is intended allow airlines to serve long-haul routes with a fuel-efficient twin-engine plane instead of a four-engine jumbo jet like the 747.