The World Health Organization officially declared the novel coronavirus to be "a public health emergency of international concern," on Jan. 30.
Even though the risk of an outbreak in Canada “remains low,” health authorities are still trying their best to control the novel coronavirus that has infected thousands around the world.
Human-to-human transmission has proven possible, while the spread of the disease has impacted Canadians, even those who haven’t visited China, notably the centre of the epidemic in Wuhan.
As people continue to be tested for the virus, here’s a list of the confirmed cases in Canada:
Quebec reports first case
Date reported: Feb. 27
A woman from the Montreal region has been diagnosed with COVID-19, after returning from Iran on Feb. 24, according to Quebec public health officials.
With the presumptive case being in Quebec, it marks the spread of the novel coronavirus to a third Canadian province.
The woman had minor symptoms and decided to visit a clinic a day after returning to Montreal. Tests for COVID-19 came back positive on Feb. 27, while the province is still awaiting the results of a secondary test that’s being conducted by the National Microbiology Lab in Winnipeg, which are expected on Sunday.
"While the person was being cared for, all precautionary measures were put in place," health minister Danielle McCann said. "She did not require hospitalization, so she is currently in isolation, alone, at her home."
Sixth case in Ontario
Date reported: Feb. 27
Ontario has confirmed its sixth COVID-19 case is a man in his 60s, whose wife was also diagnosed earlier this week after visiting Iran.
The Ministry of Health has said that the man is currently in self-isolation at home, while Toronto Public Health continues to follow-up with people who were in close contact with him as of late.
Fifth case in Ontario
Date reported: Feb. 26
A woman in her 60s, who recently travelled to Iran, has been diagnosed with a presumptive case of COVID-19, announced the province’s top health official Feb. 26.
The woman reported herself to a Toronto hospital on Feb. 24, but has since been sent home to recover in self-isolation. Health officials are also currently monitoring those who are in close contact with the woman.
This marks Ontario’s first case that’s been linked to Iran, which has reported over 240 cases and at least 25 deaths due to the virus. In the past week, British Columbia reported two cases linked with Iran.
Fourth case in Ontario
Date reported: Feb. 23
A woman in her 20s has been diagnosed with COVID-19, after arriving back to Canada from China on Feb. 21, according to health officials.
"In that travel to China, we know it did include some travel to Hubei province and to Wuhan in particular," said Dr. Eileen de Villa, Toronto's medical officer of health.
After testing for the virus at North York General Hospital in Toronto, she was told to recover in self-isolation because she was doing “quite well” and her symptoms were “resolving.” The National Microbiology lab in Winnipeg has also since confirmed the initial positive test results.
Health officials are monitoring those who were in close contact to the woman, which includes a family member who picked up the individual at the airport while wearing a mask during their interaction.
Seventh case in British Columbia
Date reported: Feb. 24
A man in 40s has been diagnosed with COVID-19 in the Fraser Health Region in British Columbia, according to the province’s health officials. He was in close contact with another B.C. case, which was reported to be a woman in her 30s who flew to Vancouver from Iran.
The man was showing symptoms and went into self-isolation, even before the woman was officially diagnosed with the disease. Officials are now working to identify those who came in close contact with him.
"There have been a number of close contacts that have been identified by Fraser Health over the weekend and they are also in isolation now and being monitored actively every day by public heath," said provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry.
Since the B.C. Centre for Disease Control is now authorized for COVID-19 testing, the province won’t have to wait for its diagnosis to be confirmed by the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg.
Sixth case in British Columbia
Date reported: Feb. 21
Health officials in British Columbia announced their sixth “presumptive” case of COVID-19.
The patient is a woman in her 30s, who is now recovering at home. Health officials were surprised to learn that she doesn’t have a recent travel history to China, but instead just returned from a trip to Iran, which only reported it’s first COVID-19 case Feb. 19.
"That could be an indicator that there's more widespread transmission. This is what we call an indicator or sentinel event," said provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry in a news conference.
On Feb. 23, it was also reported that the woman flew on an Air Canada flight from Montreal to Vancouver on Valentine’s Day, which is eight days before she tested positive for COVID-19. Officials said they’ve contacted those sat near her on her flight, as well as staff on the plane.
Fifth case in British Columbia
Date reported: Feb. 14
Health officials have announced another case of COVID-19.
The woman is in her 30s and returned to Vancouver from a recent trip to Shanghai. She wore a mask while travelling on the returning flight, and notified health officials of her symptoms. She eventually tested positive Feb. 11, and is currently in self-isolation at home.
47 cases on a cruise
Date reported: Feb. 5
Updated: Feb. 19
At least 47 Canadians, out of 256 citizens, have tested positive for the novel coronavirus on a cruise ship that held its passengers under quarantine off the coast of Yokohama, Japan until Feb. 19.
The ship was carrying 2,666 guests, along with 1,045 crew members, and was put under quarantine on Feb. 4, after a confirmed outbreak was reported.
The 47 Canadians are among at least 621 people who have tested positive for the virus.
On Feb. 20, Canada prepared a charter flight that flew out 129 passengers from Japan. Canadians who were on the cruise will be required to take part in another two-week quarantine at the NAV Centre in Cornwall, Ont.
Sixth, seventh cases in British Columbia
Date reported: Feb. 6
B.C. has identified two more people who contracted the novel coronavirus. They are in relation to the case they reported Feb. 4.
“Further investigation within that household has identified that two people, who are both visitors from Hubei province, were in contact with the individual who was the case that we announced on Tuesday,” said British Columbia’s chief medical health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry. “These two visitors are a man and a woman in their 30s.”
All three individuals are now recovering in self-isolation at home.
Fifth case in British Columbia
Date reported: Feb. 4
A second case of coronavirus has been identified in the Vancouver Coastal Health region of B.C., according to provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry.
A woman in her 50s was confirmed to have contracted coronavirus after her test came back positive.
Local health officials are following up with her close family, friends and anyone she may have had contact with.
Fourth case in British Columbia
Date reported: Jan. 31
Updated: Feb. 21
Ontario health officials have reported the province’s third coronavirus case.
The woman, who is in her 20s and studies at the University of Western Ontario, recently travelled to Wuhan, China.
She left Wuhan on Jan. 22, and started to develop symptoms on Jan. 24. She went to a local hospital, but wasn’t admitted, because she was not ill enough. Instead, she went into self-isolation at home, and hasn’t visited her university’s campus since returning from China.
The student originally tested negative for the illness through Ontario’s labs, but a federal lab in Winnipeg confirmed that she was in fact positive with the coronavirus. Ontario health officials said on Jan. 31 that she “fully recovered” in three days from her “mild” illness.
Ontario health officials announced Feb. 21, that the student has been cleared of COVID-19.
Third case in British Columbia
Date reported: Jan. 28
Updated: Feb. 20
British Columbia reported the first Canadian case of the novel coronavirus outside of Ontario.
The 40-year-old man often travels to China, which included Wuhan in his most recent visit. He contacted health-care providers on Jan. 26 to let them know that he was experiencing symptoms, 24 hours after coming home to the Vancouver region. He was reportedly not symptomatic on his flight.
On Feb. 21, it was announced that the man fully recovered from the virus, according to B.C.’s health officials.
Second case in Ontario
Date reported: Jan. 27
Updated: Feb. 21
The wife of the man who was the first reported case of the coronavirus in Canada has also been officially diagnosed.
The Toronto woman travelled to Wuhan, China with her husband, and returned to Ontario on Jan. 22. Toronto Public Health has reached out to those who sat in a two-metre radius of the couple on their China Southern Airlines flight CZ311.
On Feb. 21, Ontario health officials announced that both the husband and wife have been cleared of COVID-19.
First case in Canada
Date reported: Jan. 25
Updated: Feb. 20
The first case of the coronavirus in Canada involved a man in his 50s who arrived to Toronto on Jan. 22, after visiting Wuhan.
The man initially didn’t report his mild symptoms at the airport following his flight, but health authorities were contacted on Jan. 23, after his symptoms worsened at home. He was taken to Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, but has since been discharged, which has allowed him to return home to recover in self-isolation.
On Feb. 20, Canadian health officials announced that the man has fully recovered from the virus.