The UK area where the most people have some immunity to COVID

Andy Wells
·Freelance Writer
·4 min read
People queue in bad weather to enter a COVID-19 vaccination centre in Folkestone, Kent, during England's third national lockdown to curb the spread of coronavirus. Picture date: Friday January 29, 2021.
People queue in bad weather to enter a COVID vaccination centre in Folkestone, Kent. (Getty)

People in the North West of England are the most likely in the UK to test positive for COVID antibodies, newly released figures suggest.

Following months of the coronavirus vaccine being rolled out across the the country, more than half of adults in the UK are now likely to have COVID antibodies, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

The latest estimates are based on a sample of blood test results for the week ending 11 April.

The figures show that the likelihood of antibody positivity in the North West of England is 69.6%, while the lowest figure in England is 64.4% in the North East.

Across the four nations of the UK, the antibody estimates range from 57.8% of adults in Scotland to 68.3% in England, with 61% for Wales and 62.5% for Northern Ireland.

The north west of England has the highest likelihood of COVID antibodies. (ONS)
The North West of England has the highest likelihood of COVID antibodies in the country. (ONS)
Figures show the likelihood of antibodies across the four regions of the UK. (ONS)
Figures show the likelihood of antibodies across the four regions of the UK. (ONS)

The figures are a stark difference from the middle of December, when the antibody estimates for all four regions stood at less than 20%.

The ONS said that across all four nations there is a clear pattern between vaccination and testing positive for COVID antibodies – but the detection of antibodies alone is not a precise measure of the immunity protection given by vaccination.

With the government continuing its vaccination rollout, the figures will come as a positive sign that lockdown restrictions ending on 21 June will go ahead as planned.

The government has previously said it would only ease restrictions if cases and deaths continue to decline, easing up pressure on the NHS.

Watch: Antibodies last six months says UK Biobank scientist

Elsewhere in the figures, the highest percentage of adults testing positive for antibodies in England in the week to 11 April was estimated to be the 70 to 74 age group (87.6%), followed by 80 and over (87.1%) and 60 to 64 (85.7%).

The lowest percentage was for 16- to 24-year-olds (46.5%).

In Wales, the highest proportion of adults likely to have tested positive for antibodies was the 70 to 74 age group (83.0%) followed by 65 to 69 (82.9%), while in Scotland the highest percentage was among 65- to 69-year-olds (85.1%), followed by 70- to 74-year-olds (81.4%).

In Northern Ireland, the ONS uses different age groups due to small sample sizes and estimates 82.0% of people aged 70 and over were likely to have tested positive for antibodies.

The presence of COVID antibodies implies someone has had the infection in the past or has been vaccinated.

It takes between two and three weeks after infection or vaccination for the body to make enough antibodies to fight the virus.

Antibodies then remain in the blood at low levels, although these levels can decline over time to the point that tests can no longer detect them.

Packets of the AstraZeneca/Oxford Covid-19 vaccine, destined for housebound patients, are pictured in the fridge at Stubley Medical Centre near Chesterfield, central England on April 14, 2021. - Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that the UK had passed
Packets of the AstraZeneca/Oxford COVID vaccine in a fridge at Stubley Medical Centre, near Chesterfield. (Getty)

Once someone is infected or vaccinated, the length of time antibodies remain at detectable levels in their blood is not fully known.

It is also not yet known how having detectable antibodies, now or at some time in the past, affects the chance of getting COVID-19 again.

With nearly 34 million people having had at least one dose of the vaccine, it is thought antibodies have increased at speed along with the huge number of people being given the jab.

BILLERICAY, ENGLAND - APRIL 15: A sign outside a coffee shop saying
A coffee shop on the high street in Billericay, Essex. (Getty)

Over 47 million people across the UK have been vaccinated so far, with 42-year-olds the latest to be offered the jab.

The next stage of lockdown easing comes on 17 May, when most outdoor restrictions will come to an end, while hospitality will be able to open up for customers indoors.

Step four in the roadmap out of lockdown, planned for 21 June, will see all legal limits on social contact removed, meaning large gatherings would once again be permitted.

Watch: High number of antibodies after two doses of Pfizer vaccine