The presidential candidate for the Dominican Revolutionary Party, Hipolito Mejia, gets ready to cast his vote
Dominican Republic voters went to the polls Sunday to elect their next leader in a closely-fought race between ruling party-backed economist Danilo Medina and former president Hipolito Mejia.
Medina, 60, is representing the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) of outgoing President Leonel Fernandez, who has served three terms in office. The president's wife, Margarita Cedeno, is Medina's running mate.
Mejia, 71, of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD), governed from 2000 to 2004 in this Caribbean nation of 10 million inhabitants, which shares mountainous Hispaniola island with Haiti.
Also on the ballot are four other candidates given slim chances of having much of an impact on Sunday's vote.
Balloting ended at 2200 GMT, with the key campaign issues being the high cost of living, unemployment, corruption and a soaring crime rate.
Opinion polls ahead of the vote predicted a tight race, and a second round election will be held in June if no candidate claims at least 50 percent of the vote.
After casting his vote, Medina told reporters he was convinced that he would win, and said that after the election he hoped the country would join to "overcome the problems of poverty and income disparity," and "create conditions for social inclusion."
Separately, Mejia said he was feeling "calm" about the outcome of the day's vote.
Economic inequality is another major concern for many of the election's 6.5 million registered voters, including 328,000 who live abroad, about a third of them in New York.
Altagracia Rosario arrived early at her local polling station at a precinct just outside Santo Domingo.
"I came because I want to be a good citizen and voting is a civic duty," she said.
The Dominican Republic sidestepped the global economic crisis in 2008 but remains mired in poverty despite solid economic growth under Fernandez.
Clashes between the candidates' supporters have left two dead in recent weeks, and the Supreme Electoral Tribunal has had to admonish both candidates to tone down their rhetoric.
A Greenberg poll published early in the week gave Medina 51 percent of likely votes, compared to 46 percent for Mejia. Such a tight margin could leave four minor candidates splitting the few remaining points.
A Gallup poll in late April meanwhile gave Medina 51 percent and Mejia 44.6 percent.
The fact that President Fernandez's wife is Medina's running mate reinforces his image as a candidate who will see through the current government's liberal economic policies, promising "safe change."
The Caribbean nation still depends heavily on tourism, remittances from Dominicans living overseas, aid from the International Monetary Fund and cheap oil from Venezuela.
Inflation surpassed seven percent in 2011, unemployment was 14.6 percent and 30 percent of its people live in poverty.
Mejia has shaped his campaign around promises to fight poverty with social programs and policies to boost agriculture and aid farm workers.
An agronomist by training, Mejia has a strong following among poor farmers, with a down to earth style and rhetoric that helped him win the presidency in 2004, when he defeated Medina.