Welcome to TechCrunch's 2019 Holiday Gift Guide! Need help with gift ideas? We're here to help! We'll be rolling out gift guides from now through the end of December. You can find our other guides right here.
There's no such thing as perfect privacy or security, but there's a lot you can do to lock down your online life. And the holiday season is a great time to encourage others to do the same. Some people are more likely to take security into their own hands if they're given a nudge along the way.
Here we have a selection of gift ideas — from helpful security solutions to unique and interesting gadgets that will keep your information safe, but without breaking the bank.
This article contains links to affiliate partners where available. When you buy through these links, TechCrunch may earn an affiliate commission.
A hardware security key for two-factor
Your online accounts have everything about you and you'd want to keep them safe. Two-factor authentication is great, but for the more security minded there's an even stronger solution. A security key is a physical hardware key that's even stronger than having a two-factor code going to your phone. These keys plug into your USB port on your computer (or the charger port on your phone) to prove to online services, like Facebook, Google, and Twitter, that you are who you say you are. Google's own data shows security keys offer near-unbeatable protection against even the most powerful and resourced nation-state hackers. Yubikeys are our favorite and come in all shapes and sizes. They're also cheap. Google also has a range of its own branded Titan security keys, one of which also offers Bluetooth connectivity.
Surveillance-focused malware, like remote access trojans, can infect computers and remotely switch on your webcam without your permission. Most computer webcams these days have an indicator light that shows you when the camera is active. But what if your camera is blocked, preventing any accidental exposure in the first place? Enter the simple but humble webcam blocker. It slides open when you need to access your camera, and slides to cover the lens when you don't. Support local businesses and non-profits — you can search for unique and interesting webcam covers on Etsy
A microphone blocker
Now you have you webcam cover, what about your microphone? Just as hackers can tap into your webcam, they can also pick up on your audio. Microphone blockers contain a semiconductor that tricks your computer or device into thinking that it's a working microphone, when in fact it's not able to pick up any audio. Anyone hacking into your device won't hear a thing. Some modern Macs already come with a new Apple T2 security chip which prevents hackers from snooping on your microphone when your laptop's lid is shut. But a microphone blocker will work all the time, even when the lid is open.
A USB data blocker
You might have heard about "juice-jacking," where hackers plant malicious implants in USB outlets, which steal a person's device data when an unsuspecting victim plugs in. It's a threat that's almost unheard of, but proof-of-concepts have shown how easy it is to implant malicious components in legitimate-looking cables. A USB data blocker essentially acts as a data barrier, preventing any information going in or out of your device, while letting power through to charge your battery. They're cheap but effective.
A privacy screen for your computer or phone
How often have you seen someone's private messages or document as you look over their shoulder, or see them in the next aisle over? Privacy screens can protect you from "visual hacking." These screens make it near-impossible for anyone other than the device user to snoop at what you're working on. And, you can get them for all kinds of devices and displays — including phones. But make sure you get the right size!
Price: from about $17.
Available from: Amazon
A password manager subscription
Password managers are a real lifesaver. One strong, unique password lets you into your entire bank of passwords. They're great for storing your passwords, but also for encouraging you to use better, stronger, unique passwords. And because many are cross-platform, you can bring your passwords with you. Plenty of password managers exist — from LastPass, Lockbox, and Dashlane, to open-source versions like KeePass. Many are free, but a premium subscription often comes with benefits and better features. And if you're a journalist, 1Password has a free subscription for you.
Whether you're lawfully protesting or just want to stay in "incognito mode," there are — believe it or not — fashion lines that can help prevent facial recognition and other surveillance systems from identifying you. This clothing uses a kind of camouflage that confuses surveillance technology by giving them more interesting things to detect, like license plates and other detectable patterns.
Available from: Adversarial Fashion
Think of a Pi-hole as a "hardware ad-blocker." A Pi-hole is a essentially a Raspberry Pi mini-computer that runs ad-blocking technology as a box that sits on your network. It means that everyone on your home network benefits from ad blocking. Ads may generate revenue for websites but online ads are notorious for tracking users across the web. Until ads can behave properly, a Pi-hole is a great way to capture and sinkhole bad ad traffic. The hardware may be cheap, but the ad-blocking software is free. Donations to the cause are welcome.
And finally, some light reading...
There are two must-read books this year. NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden's "Permanent Record" autobiography covers his time as he left the shadowy U.S. intelligence agency to Hong Kong, where he spilled thousands of highly classified government documents to reporters about the scope and scale of its massive global surveillance partnerships and programs. And, Andy Greenberg's book on "Sandworm", a beautifully written deep-dive into a group of Russian hackers blamed for the most disruptive cyberattack in history, NotPetya, This incredibly detailed investigative book leaves no stone unturned, unravelling the work of a highly secretive group that caused billions of dollars of damage.