Hackers crippled government and private websites Wednesday to protest the Cybercrime Prevention Act, which has faced criticism both legally and online since the announcement of its approval.
The front pages of the websites of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) and the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) have been replaced with black screens showing a written message from a group dubbed "Anonymous Philippines."
"The Philippine Government has just passed a bill that effectively ends the Freedom of Expression in the Philippines," the message read.
"The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 is the most notorious act ever witnessed in the cyber-history of the Philippines," it read further.
The BSP has regained control of its website as of posting time, but the websites of the MWSS and those for government-led campaigns Pilipinas Anti-Piracy Team and Department of Health: Smoke-Free Philippines, remain breached.
Websites of business group American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, Inc. and University of the Philippines-based think tank Institute for Development and Econometric Analysis were also hit.
The hackers pushed for a revision of the anti-cybercrime law, which they said is "cunningly designed" to make its application seem limited only to extensive Internet users.
"[B]ut some part (sic) of the bill basically says it can imprison anyone who commits libel either by written messages, comments, blogs, or posts in sites such as Facebook, Twitter, or any other comment-spaces of other social media in the Internet," the message read.
The adoption of "antiquated libel laws" for online enforcement "seems to have retarded [the Philippines'] march with the rest of the world with respect to giving full force to the people's freedom of expression," it added.
The hackers' protest comes amid a spate of criticisms from freedom of expression advocates following news of the anti-cybercrime law's Sept. 12 approval.
Petitions vs. Cybercrime Prevention Act filed
In this photo by Bullit Marquez, a demolition crew begins to tear down a squatters' community at suburban Caloocan city, north of Manila, Philippines. Population growth and the lack of economic opportunities in rural areas have driven millions of Filipinos into the squatters' colonies that dot the sprawling metropolitan area in and around Manila. Most of the land they occupy is privately owned, and clearing the dwellings often results in violence. The landowner had offered about $1,344 in …