K To 12 Grading System

MANILA, Phiilippines --- With the implementation of the K to 12 Basic Education Program, the traditional numerical values in the report cards of students will no longer appear. Instead, the Department of Education (DepEd) will be using a new grading system to assess and rate learning outcomes of students in public elementary and high schools.

Effective this school year, DepEd said parents and student will no longer see numbers in the report cards of students from Grades 1 to 10. Based on DepEd Order No. 31, Series of 2012, or the "Policy Guidelines on the Implementation of Grades 1 to 12 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) Effective School Year 2012-2013," Education Secretary Armin Luistro ordered public schools to implement the K to 12 BEC, particularly on Grades 1 and 7 which will be most affected by the new curriculum, and challenged schools "to implement the guidelines in creative and innovative ways for the curriculum can be localized without compromising the philosophy of total learner development."

"The new grading system seeks to measure the students' level of proficiency at the end of each quarter," Luistro said. "The assessment process is holistic and aims to ensure the quality of student learning with emphasis on formation and development," he explained.

DepEd, Luistro said, "will also release another separate order with more details on the new rating system."

In the new grading system, letter "A" will reflect as highest the grade; letter "P" as second highest; and letter "B" as the lowest.

Luistro explained that the letters actually represent "levels of proficiency as abbreviated". To rate the learning outcome of students, teachers will be giving a grade "A" ("Advanced") to students with 90 percent and above rating; "P" ("Proficient") to students with 85 to 89 percent rating; "AP" ("Approaching Proficiency") to students with 80 to 84 percent rating; "D" ("Developing") to students with 75 to 79 percent rating and "B" ("Beginning") to students with 74 percent and below rating.

Luistro said that teachers will still measure students' progress with numerical values, but their letter equivalents above will be used in report cards "so that the focus will be less on competition and more on achieving standards of learning."

At the end of the quarter, Luistro explained that the performance of students shall be described in the report card based on the level of proficiency. When the teacher gives "B" it means that the student "struggles with his/her understanding; pre-requisite and fundamental knowledge and/or skills have not been required or developed adequately to aid understanding."

Students given with "D" are those that "possess the minimum knowledge and skills and core understandings but needs the help throughout the performance of authentic tasks" while those given "AP" are students that have "developed the fundamental knowledge and skills and core understandings and with little guidance from teacher and/or with some assistance from peers, can transfer these understandings through authentic performance tasks."

Those that are given "P" are students that have "developed fundamental knowledge and skills and core understandings and can transfer them independently through authentic performance tasks" while students given with "A" are those that "exceeds the core requirements in terms of knowledge, skills, and understandings and can transfer them automatically and flexible through authentic performance tasks."

Luistro said that the assessment process to be used is holistic, with emphasis on the formative or developmental purpose of quality assuring student learning. "It is also standards-based as it seeks to ensure that teachers will teach to the standards and students will aim to meet or even exceed the standards," he added.

Luistro added that student performance will still be assessed at four levels, including Knowledge with 15 percent; Process or Skills with 25%; Understanding with 30%; and Products/Performances with 30 % with a total of 100%.

The results of the student's performance, Luistro added, will be summed up based on these levels to come up with a numerical value. "The corresponding level of proficiency will appear on the report card at the end of the quarter," he explained.

At the end of the four quarters, Luistro explained that the Final Grade for each learning area shall be reported as "average of the four quarterly ratings, expressed in terms of the levels of proficiency." Also, he said that "the general average will be computed based on the final grades of the different learning areas, and will be expressed in terms of the levels of proficiency with the numerical equivalent shall appear in parenthesis."

Luistro also stressed that promotion and retention of students shall be by subject meaning those students whose proficiency level is "B" at the end of the quarter or grading period "shall be required to undergo remediation classes" after class hours so that they can immediately catch up as they move to the next grading period. "If by the end of the school year, the students are still at the 'B' level, then they shall be required to take summer classes," he said.

Meanwhile, some parents and students - particularly those who are grade-conscious -

expressed reservation to the new grading system. When showed that sample report card to Mylene Cuevas, mother to fourth year high school (Grade 10) student Liza Mae, she was confused. "Kung ganito ang gagamitin na grading system, ano ang mangyayari sa ranking ng mga bata? Paano pipiliin kung sino ang magiging first at second honors? (If they will use this grading system, what will happen to the ranking of students? How will they choose who will be the first or second honors?)" she asked.

Last school year, Liza Mae ranked second honor. This year, she is eyeing to be the first honor to increase her chances to avail of scholarships once she enrolls in college. "Kasi sa scholarship or discounts sa tuition, mas malaki ang coverage kapag first honor or valedictorian ka. Kapag ganito ang grading, (letters instead of numbers), mahirap ang ranking, (In getting scholarships or discounts in tuition, bigger coverage is given if you're first honor or valedictorian. If letter grades will be used, ranking will be more difficult)," she said.

The DepEd, on the other hand, said that when it comes to honor students, "they shall be drawn from among those who performed at the Advanced Level." "We will come up with subsequent guidelines will be issued as basis for ranking of honors," Luistro assured.

Meanwhile, Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) Episcopal Commission on Youth (ECY) Executive Secretary Fr. Conegundo Garganta called on the DepEd to look into the possibility of using idle buildings as a way of addressing classroom shortage.

Garganta said the government can use idle buildings, such as those that have been sequestered by the government, to house additional classrooms.

"Maybe the government can use their police power to ask permission to use these abandoned structures," he said in a church-organized forum. (With a report from Leslie Ann G. Aquino)


Editor’s note:Yahoo Philippines encourages responsible comments that add dimension to the discussion. No bashing or hate speech, please. You can express your opinion without slamming others or making derogatory remarks.

  • Osmeña wants electricity exempted from VAT
    Osmeña wants electricity exempted from VAT

    Sen. Sergio Osmeña III wants electricity to be exempted from value added tax under a proposed measure that will amend the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997 and the Reformed VAT Law. He said the move aims to ease the burden of the public in paying high electricity rates in the country. “VAT on electricity is another burden on the already over-taxed shoulders of our people, especially those whose incomes are barely enough to cover their basic needs. Osmeña, chairman of the Senate …

  • No lotto draws starting tomorrow until Easter Sunday
    No lotto draws starting tomorrow until Easter Sunday

    No lotto tickets will be sold and no lotto draws made starting tomorrow, Maundy Thursday, up to Easter Sunday in observance of Holy Week. In a statement, Jose Ferdinand Rojas II, acting Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO) chairman and general manager, said the selling of lotto tickets and lotto draws will resume on April 6,  Monday. “We thank all Lotto players for your trust and confidence in the PCSO games, and we count on your continued support of our efforts to raise funds for …

  • Quake rocks C. Visayas
    Quake rocks C. Visayas

    A magnitude-3.2 earthquake rocked parts of Central Visayas yesterday. State seismologists said the quake was an aftershock of a powerful tremor that hit the region in 2013. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said the quake occurred at 7:54 a.m. Its epicenter was located 10 kilometers  southeast of Buenavista, Bohol. Phivolcs director Renato Solidum said the quake was an aftershock of the magnitude-7.2 earthquake that hit Bohol on Oct. 15, 2013. …

  • Super howler nears Phl
    Super howler nears Phl

    A typhoon that has devastated islands in the Pacific is forecast to become a category 5 monster howler as it barrels toward the Philippines this week. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said Maysak will be named Chedeng when it enters the Philippine area of responsibility tonight or tomorrow morning. In an interview, PAGASA weather forecaster Gener Quitlong said the forecast track of Maysak may still change depending on the movement of …

  • Philips Gold finally shines

    Philips Gold made 11 service aces on its way to beating Mane ‘N Tail, 25-19, 27-25, 25-16, for its first victory in the Philippine Super Liga (PSL) All-Filipino Coinference Monday night at The Arena in San Juan.Former College of St. Benilde standout Rossan Fajardo had six aces as part of her 10-point output as the Lady Slammers finally barged into the win column after losing their first two matches.Ex-National University star Myla Pablo led Philips Gold with 14 points highlighted by 12 kills, …

  • Turkish Airlines starts direct Manila-Istanbul flights 3 times a week

    Turkish Airlines, Turkey’s flag carrier, launched on March 30 its thrice weekly direct, non-stop flights between Istanbul and Manila at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) Terminal 1 and plans to operate a daily service between the two cities, eventually, announced Chief Marketing Officer Ahmet Olmustur. Last November 2014, the Philippines and Turkey signed an expanded air services agreement granting Turkish carriers three frequencies per week to Manila and Clark. In accordance with …

  • Azkals bow to Bahrain

    The Philippine Azkals fell short in their bid to salvage a draw and fell 2-1 to Bahrain Monday night in an international friendly match at the Bahrain National Stadium in Manama. Faouzi Mubarak struck the opening goal for the home side in the 29th minute before Abdulla Yaser doubled the lead two minutes later with a booming shot from 25 yards out. Fil-German midfielder Manny Ott gave the Azkals a ray of hope when he scored from just outside the box in the 61st. National team Coach Thomas …

  • Alcalas dominate rivals

    In a brilliant show of power and speed, Mark Alcala downed fierce rival and Philippine team member Ross Leonard Pedroza, 21-16, 23-21, to win the men’s singles open title. Alcala lost her No. 1 ranking after focusing on her studies at the University of the Philippines, but she’s willing to sacrifice once again in order to represent the country in future international tournaments. …


Should Aquino be held accountable over the Mamasapano operations?

Poll Choice Options