AS THE country observes the first day of the annual Fire Prevention Month, the Bureau of Fire Protection urged families to learn how to keep their homes safe from fire.
In this year's theme, “Matuto Ka! Sunog, Iwasan Na,” BFP stressed the importance of learning from past experiences with fire or from prior knowledge on how to prevent fire at home.
March is observed as Fire Prevention or Burn Prevention Month under Proclamation No. 115-A signed by President Ferdinand Marcos and Proclamation No. 360 in 1986.
BFP recommends the following tips on how to prevent incidence of fire at home.
1. Never leave a warm or hot iron unattended. An unattended iron that is on will scorch fabric and may cause a fire.
2. Never leave food on a stove or in an oven unattended. Keep cooking areas free of flammable objects, such as potholders, towels, and curtains.
3. Never disable or remove the battery from a smoke alarm. Frequently test smoke alarms and make sure that you replace batteries regularly.
4. Burning candles should never be left unattended. Keep flammable items like fabric and paper away from candles.
5. Store gasoline, newspaper, and other combustibles away from sources of flame.
6. Keep space heaters on a level surface from fabric and other flammable items.
7. Avoid plugging multiple appliances into an extension cord.
8. Do not put an electrical cord under a carpet as it is highly flammable. Immediately replace defective appliances, especially electric fans that are not functional.
9. Do not replace busted fuses with coins, pins, or other metals. Fuses are meant to prevent overload.
10. Have electrical connections checked once every two years by a licensed electrician.
The American Red Cross provides some tips to prepare for a fire at home, during a fire at after a fire.
Preparing for home fires:
1. Install the right number of smoke alarms. Test them once a month and replace the batteries at least once a year.
2. Teach children what smoke alarms sound like and what to do when they hear one.
3. Ensure that all household members know two ways to escape from every room of your home and know the family meeting spot outside of your home.
4. Establish a family emergency communications plan and ensure that all household members know who to contact if they cannot find one another.
5. Practice escaping from your home at least twice a year. Press the smoke alarm test button or yell “Fire“ to alert everyone that they must get out.
6. Make sure everyone knows the emergency hotlines.
7. Teach household members to STOP, DROP, and ROLL if their clothes should catch on fire.
What to do during a fire:
1. Know how to safely operate a fire extinguisher.
2. Remember to GET OUT, STAY OUT, and CALL your local emergency phone number.
3. Yell "Fire!" several times and go outside right away. If you live in a building with elevators, use the stairs.
4. Leave all your things where they are and save yourself.
5. If closed doors or handles are warm or smoke blocks your primary escape route, use your second way out. Never open doors that are warm to the touch.
6. If you must escape through smoke, get low and go under the smoke to your exit. Close doors behind you.
7. If smoke, heat, or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with doors closed. Place a wet towel under the door and call the fire department. Open a window and wave a brightly colored cloth or flashlight to signal for help.
8. Once you are outside, go to your meeting place and then send one person to call the fire department. If you cannot get to your meeting place, follow your family emergency communication plan.
What to do after a fire
1. Ask or give First Aid where needed; cool and cover burns to reduce the chance of further injury or infection.
2. Let friends and family know you’re safe.
3. People and animals that are seriously injured or burned should be transported to professional medical or veterinary help immediately.
4. Stay out of fire-damaged homes until local fire authorities say it is safe to re-enter. (RSR)