MANILA, Philippines — The Philippines ranked 9th among 163 countries in the world most impacted by terrorism, based on the 2019 Global Terrorism Index (GTI).
The country moved up one spot from last year despite a slight drop in the number of terrorist activities.
According to the report, terror-related deaths in the country declined by nine percent with only 297 deaths recorded in 2018.
Likewise, terror-related incidents also reduced by 13% from 486 in 2017 to 424 in 2018.
Despite these improvements, the Philippines remains the only Southeast Asian country to be included in the top 10 list most impacted by terrorism.
The top 10 countries are as follows with their scores (10 being the highest)
- Afghanistan 9.603
- Iraq 9.241
- Nigeria 8.597
- Syria 8.006
- Pakistan 7.889
- Somalia 7.8
- India 7.518
- Yemen 7.259
- Philippines 7.137
- The Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.039
The GTI noted the New People’s Army (NPA) as the terror group responsible for over 36% of the deaths (107 in total) and 39% of the terror-related incidents (179 in total) recorded.
The NPA is engaged in insurgency with the government for five decades already causing the deaths of 2,387 people since the 1970s, making it the Philippines’ deadliest terror group.
The second deadliest group, the GTI noted, was the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement (BIFM) whose attacks increased by 115% between 2017 to 2018.
The third deadliest group was the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) which sparked terror in Mindanao with its affiliate groups BIFM, Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and the Maute Group.
They orchestrated three suicide bombing attacks in 2018 killing a total of 18 people.
According to the GTI, attacks on government targets increased by 45% between 2017 and 2018, resulting in 139 deaths.
However, attacks on civilians slightly dropped from 103 in 2017 to 92 in 2018.
Meanwhile, attacks on police and military targets also declined significantly by 41%.
Published by the Sydney-based Institute for Economics & Peace, the Global Terrorism Index notes terrorism as “the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non-state actor to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation.”
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