Philippines ranks 19th in 2022 Global Gender Gap Index

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An LGBT (Lesbians Gays Bisexual Transgender) member, right, and a Christian protester are engaged in a brief debate during a
An LGBT (Lesbians Gays Bisexual Transgender) member, right, and a Christian protester are engaged in a brief debate as thousands of its members gather a a sports complex in the annual celebration of "Pride March" Saturday, June 30, 2018 in suburban Marikina City, Philippines. This year's theme of "Rise Up Together," aims to empower the local LGBT community and create a safe space for its members that includes gender equality and same-sex marriage. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

The Philippines ranks 19th out of 146 countries in the 2022 Global Gender Gap Index of the World Economic Forum (WEF), two places lower than last year’s.

(Source: Global Gender Gap Report 2022, Insight Report, World Economic Forum)
(Source: Global Gender Gap Report 2022, Insight Report, World Economic Forum)

Home to more than 54 million women, this year’s ranking has been the lowest the Philippines has ever ranked since WEF started releasing the report annually in 2006.

(Source: Global Gender Gap Report 2022, Insight Report, World Economic Forum)
(Source: Global Gender Gap Report 2022, Insight Report, World Economic Forum)

The report noted the improvement in the country’s gender parity score by 4.2 percentage points since 2013, ranging between 0.783 and 0.799 on a 0 to 1 scale, with 1 representing optimal gender parity.

With the country’s gender gap remaining at 21.7% this year, which is similar to that of last year’s, the country fell by two places in the overall ranking.

“No significant changes, positive or negative, occurred on Health and Survival or Political Empowerment. However, on Educational Attainment, gender parity decreased at the level of enrolment in primary education, with a notably larger share of boys than girls in growing enrolment numbers overall,” the report noted.

Although in terms of economic opportunity and participation, the Philippines is one of the highest in East Asia and Pacific region closing at 79.4% of the gap, the gender gap between men and women participating in the labor workforce is still significant, with the share of men 24.5 percentage points higher than the women participating in economic activity.

“Gender parity for legislative, senior officers and managers, as well as for professional and technical workers, remains constant,” the report further pointed out.

Iceland tops this year’s Gender Gap Index closing more than 90% of its overall gender gap, and has consistently been number one for 13 straight years, followed by Finland, Norway, New Zealand and Sweden.

Although the gender gap has significantly closed in 2022, the WEF noted that some progress had stalled in most countries.

Marvin Joseph Ang is a news and creative writer who follows developments on politics, democracy, and popular culture. He advocates for a free press and national democracy. Follow him on Twitter at @marvs30ang for latest news and updates.

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