Reconnecting to our inner anting-anting

NCCA chairman Felipe de Leon explains the Filipino’s “relational universe” to a rapt audience. The NCCA has declared as its primary goal the expansion of present Filipino consciousness to its original reality.

What a strange two days those were in Intramuros last October, with anting-antings (amulets), sigils (magical symbols), oraciones (power prayers), and taladros (power images) flashing on a theater screen. "Light and Mystery: Katutubong Karunungan" was a lecture series with researchers and practitioners speaking intimately about our native shaman/healer, the babaylan. The separate reality most of our rural and urban folk live in had taken over a rapt, mostly middle-class, audience at the National Commission of Culture and the Arts (NCCA).

Felipe de Leon, Jr., former dean of the UP College of Humanities, now chair of both UNESCO Philippines and the NCCA, gave the main lecture. Also a composer and lifelong interpreter of Filipino culture, he wore the babaylan garb of the Sulod Bukidnon as he unravelled the cosmology of the Filipino universe in lihim na karunungan, that hidden knowledge city slickers associate with hilots and faith healing.

De Leon named the key to this ever-present but largely hidden reality: loob—the inner self.

“It’s the creative living principle symbolized by the sun," he said. "From physical states, sensory experience and feeling, it goes upwards to the less and less physical, from mind to soul to noumena—the unformed ground of Being. The illusion of separateness comes from seeing only the physical. Filipinos know we are grounded in one being.”

The “sacred innermost core of loob, ubud, is divine spirit: laya.”

The fascinating "laya" has a Sanskrit root—"li"—and many meanings: “a place of rest, a swoon, a pause in music, a union of song, dance and instrumental music.” The guru Ramana Maharshi gives a more embracing meaning in Upadesa Saram: "This is a means of mind control.The mind becomes quiescent by regulation of breath, like a bird caught in a net." Yoga! Who knew that the Filipino word for “freedom” had such an ancient root?

Such questions hung in the air as de Leon proceeded to the recent book, "Larawan ng Loob at Contemplatibong Panalangin." Malay tao, original awareness, wrote Dr. Susan Reyes, descends from spirit, buddhi,

to the human soul, bait. “It becomes denser and denser as it descends to the gaseous, liquid and solid states of the physical level."

Here was the cutting edge: individual waves of native consciousness with Bathala (God) as ocean depths were severed from their roots when the so-called indio “degenerated into obedience” to Christian concepts. Abduction to an alien worldview under colonial Spanish Catholicism had a high price. In the Spanish centuries a horrifying harridan rose in folk imagination—the batwinged mananggal with a disconnected torso flying in search of human flesh to feed on. A more powerful symbol of a dislocated native soul is hard to find.

“We are still in a state of neurosis. We must know what the problem is, recognize and reconnect to our anting-anting, the goodness and creativity within,” de Leon said soberly. “The Filipino is still afflicted by the curse of smallness. We were made to feel so small by our colonizers. The Americans declared the sampaguita our national flower and the maya, our national bird. Even our bahay kubo was translated to ‘My nipa hut is very small.’ We were told to be proud of having the world’s smallest fish, not knowing that we also have the biggest fish in the world, the butanding.

“We were made to feel inferior, ashamed of anything local and indigenous. So we celebrate defeats like the Fall of Maynila, the death of Rizal, and the Fall of Bataan. We hide our genius. We don’t develop our pharmacopeia or our water travel. Even our names, like Ma. Antoinette Duga-Duga and Byron Brian, promote weakness, the Doña Victorina syndrome. With such a shady identity, we have no strong impact on the world because we are so indeterminate. We have to cure these weaknesses.” But how? De Leon pointed to remembering. “We are all interconnected. The Filipino is not dualistic. He does not make distinctions between matter and spirit like Western science. God and nature spirits are in this world. Our universe is not governed lifelessly, mechanically like Newton’s. Filipinos are a mythic people. Our sense of space and time is simultaneous: past, present and future are one, not trapped by linear time. It’s synchronistic. This is a psychic quality. The universe is a given but visible and invisible exist in one and the same world. Filipino logic unites the opposites. They are not made to clash but get together gradually.

“The philosopher Virgilio Enriquez once said, ‘Ang kapwa ay sarili din,’ a fellow human being is myself,” he mused. “In this society of beings, our core values are kapwa, we are one. Pakiramdam, shared inner perception. Kagandahang loob, beauty of inner self. Pakikipagkapwa means relating to others as one’s self. “There is no ‘Other’ in Filipino psychology. We are a highly relational people.” Even our relationship to the divine is personal, he pointed out. The courteous Tagalog assent, “opo," is short for 'Oo, Poon'—'Yes, Lord',” he believes. We’re also “natural social networkers, number one in Facebook and texting. It’s the essential joy of the human spirit, which is why we love happy endings.” This, too, is why the NCCA has been flooded with nominations for the comedian Dolphy as National Artist. And have you wondered why Filipinos don’t announce their presence but quietly weave into social gatherings? “We don’t want to distract the social harmony in process. We know our place, able to adjust our attitudes and relationships for complete harmony.”

What about our irrepressible inventiveness? “Imagination seeks fulfillment in creativity while insisting on togetherness. This makes Filipinos highly creative not in mechanical products but in interpersonal relations and communications, with a symphonic wealth of techniques for connecting to other people.” And what about all that anting “mumbo jumbo”? “Underlying our sense of oneness is a magical worldview, the relatedness of all things. Filipinos consider animals, brothers; we have crocodile totems and salamanders as totems against fire. Our people pray to salamanders as well as to the Virgin Mary. It’s a shamanic, babaylanic consciousness.” This, he said, is the source of “invulnerability to the natural elements—fire, earth, water, air.” Manuel Solomon Sandiego, both medical doctor and alternative healer, received a “call” to heal in the old way of “lihim na karunungan” early in life. He explains the “sigil,” a symbol powered by oraciones or magical prayers, to interviewer Anna Varona. We share anting mythology with our kin in Mindanao, Malaysia and Indonesia. It’s been with our people for so long that even the ilustrado Trinidad Pardo de Tavera defined the anting of unlettered indios as "an amulet of supernatural power that saves lives.” “In Cavite they hack flesh with sharp blades but don’t wound. It can’t be explained by physics,” de Leon pointed out. This unexplainable power, he says, is “why Filipino culture is a natural at healing. It harmonizes human faculties, society and the environment. It’s called hiyang, creative harmony with all levels of being. It can be developed to tune in to any level of reality.” The NCCA has declared the expansion of Filipino consiousness to its original reality as a primary goal. “The anting-anting is our genius as a people. We should realize our strengths so we can use them for our development. We’ve shifted from [being] very generic in promoting national culture and identity to culture as the wellspring of national and global well-being. We have many things to offer, starting with the concept of kapwa. As a Croatian psychologist observed, ‘If there is no ‘Other,’ there is no war’.”

A Memorandum of Agreement to introduce this kind of program in Grade 12 has recently been signed with the Department of Education under its activist Secretary, Brother Armin Luistro. Great changes loom. — BM/HS, GMA News

Loading...

Editor’s note:Yahoo Philippines encourages responsible comments that add dimension to the discussion. No bashing or hate speech, please. You can express your opinion without slamming others or making derogatory remarks.

  • N. Korea fires missiles in anger at South-US military drills
    N. Korea fires missiles in anger at South-US military drills

    North Korea fired two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea and vowed "merciless" retaliation Monday as the US and South Korea kicked off joint military drills denounced by Pyongyang as recklessly confrontational. The annual exercises always trigger a surge in military tensions and warlike rhetoric on the divided peninsula, and analysts saw the North's missile tests as a prelude to a concerted campaign of sabre-rattling. "If there is a particularly sharp escalation, we could see the …

  • Couple married 67 years holds hands in final hours together
    Couple married 67 years holds hands in final hours together

    FRESNO, Calif. (AP) — After spending 67 years together as devoted husband and wife, there was no question how Floyd and Violet Hartwig would end their lives — together. …

  • Hijacked Indonesian vessel found in Davao
    Hijacked Indonesian vessel found in Davao

    An Indonesian cargo vessel that was hijacked a month ago in North Sulawesi, Indonesia has been found stuck in the waters off Mati, Davao Oriental, the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) reported yesterday. PCG spokesperson Armand Balilo said the PCG- Southeastern Mindanao district was informed on Feb. 23 that the M/T Rehoboth was found aground off Barangay Cabuaya. Four personnel from the local PCG district office were sent to verify the report. The vessel was reportedly hijacked by …

  • 'Jihadi John' relatives under watch in Kuwait
    'Jihadi John' relatives under watch in Kuwait

    Kuwaiti authorities are closely monitoring several relatives of "Jihadi John" who live and work in the Gulf emirate where the Islamic State executioner was born, press reports said on Sunday. A number of relatives of Mohammed Emwazi, named as the militant who has beheaded at least five Western hostages, are working in Kuwait and like him hold British citizenship, Al-Qabas newspaper reported. "Security agencies have taken the necessary measures to monitor them round the clock," the paper said, …

  • Military steps up offensive vs BIFF, Abu Sayyaf
    Military steps up offensive vs BIFF, Abu Sayyaf

    Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) chief Gen. Gregorio Pio Catapang Jr. has ordered the sustained campaign against the Abu Sayyaf and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) following the successive offensives against the armed groups last week. A total of 24 Abu Sayyaf bandits and two soldiers were killed in recent clashes in Sulu last week. The Joint Task Group Sulu has received information that Abu Sayyaf leader Radulan Sahiron was wounded during one of the encounters but this is …

  • Militants want US Marines pulled out of Negros
    Militants want US Marines pulled out of Negros

    The militant group Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (Bayan) is calling for the pullout of US Marines who arrived in Sagay City, Negros Occidental last Wednesday to train Special Action Force (SAF) commandos and members of the allied forces. The SAF commandos and the allied forces will secure the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) ministerial meeting in this city. Bayan-Negros secretary general Christian Tuayon said the US troops might violate the human rights of activists, especially those …

  • Interview: Australia says hunt for missing MH370 jet may be called off soon
    Interview: Australia says hunt for missing MH370 jet may be called off soon

    By Matt Siegel CANBERRA (Reuters) - The search for missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 cannot go on forever, Australia's deputy prime minister said, and discussions are already under way between Australia, China and Malaysia as to whether to call off the hunt within weeks. No trace has been found of the Boeing 777 aircraft, which disappeared a year ago this week carrying 239 passengers and crew, in what has become one of the greatest mysteries in aviation history. The search of a rugged …

  • Binay backs house arrest for JPE, GMA
    Binay backs house arrest for JPE, GMA

    Vice President Jejomar Binay yesterday supported proposals to put Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile and former President now Pampanga Rep. Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo under house arrest. “Government prosecutors are opposing house arrest for… Enrile. Binay issued the statement after the 91-year-old Enrile was rushed to the Makati Medical Center on Thursday due to pneumonia. House arrest for him would be the compassionate thing to do,” he added. …

POLL

Should Aquino be held accountable over the Mamasapano operations?

Loading...
Poll Choice Options