Global warming is increasing the average temperatures of the planet's oceans and atmosphere. In addition to damaging the environment, this climatic phenomenon is also detrimental to human health.
Extreme heat and deteriorating air quality, combined with stress, can put a strain on the human body.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), climate change already causes more than 150,000 deaths a year, with this number expected to double by 2030.
The main health issues caused by climate change include respiratory, kidney, circulatory, vascular and cardiovascular problems.
Respiratory diseases, for example, can occur due to the higher concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. This can lead to an increase in chemicals in the air, damaging the airways and lungs, and causing diseases such as asthma and lung cancer.
High temperatures can cause vascular problems. Excessive heat can lead to an increase in the viscosity of the blood and increases the risk of obstructing the vessels that are essential for the functioning of the human body.
Kidney function could also become compromised, leading to chronic kidney problems and urinary tract infections. The effects of this phenomenon can also negatively impact the cardiovascular system and increase the risk of cerebrovascular accidents (stroke).
A rise in water temperature is also likely to increase the risk of humans suffering from infectious diseases as well as bacterial diseases such as cholera.