A Japanese doctors' group has urged the cancellation of the Olympics, even as Games organisers reported a surplus of applications from medics to volunteer at the virus-postponed event.
With less than 10 weeks until the Tokyo Games begin and as Japan battles a surge in infections, public opinion remains strongly opposed to the event going ahead this summer.
But Olympic officials say it can be safely held with Covid-19 countermeasures and point to successful test events, including some featuring overseas athletes.
An association of around 6,000 doctors working in Tokyo said they were "struggling with the fourth wave" of virus cases, calling it the largest so far.
"Cancelling an event that has the potential to increase the number of infections and deaths is the right choice," the group said in a statement on Monday.
It urged the government and Games organisers to consult the International Olympic Committee with the aim of cancelling the event.
The statement came after a separate union of Japanese hospital doctors warned last week that holding the 2020 Games safely was "impossible".
Japan's virus outbreak has been relatively small, with around 11,500 deaths, but its vaccine rollout is moving slowly and the latest spike in cases has medics warning of shortages and burnout.
The government on Friday expanded a virus state of emergency that will be in force until the end of May, less than two months before the Games open on July 23.
Tokyo 2020 organisers said Tuesday that nearly double the required number of certified sports medics had applied to volunteer at competition venues and in the athletes' village.
Controversy had previously surrounded the organisers' request for the services of 500 nurses, which sparked accusations of diverting crucial medical resources.
More than 80 percent of people in Japan want the Tokyo Olympics to be cancelled or postponed again, according to the latest poll by the Asahi Shimbun daily.
At a shooting test event on Tuesday, top Games official Yasuo Mori said the knowledge gained at such rehearsals would be used to update virus rulebooks for athletes and other participants.
"Throughout the test events, only a few people tested positive for the virus, and we were able to go through procedures at the airport smoothly," he said.
"However... there were a relatively smaller number of people than will be at the Olympics, so we will have to discuss how we manage the Olympics in the summer."